“The Call of Duty”, LTC John Strenberg & Roger Bender, published 2004
“American War Medals & Decorations”, Evans Kerrigan, published 1971
Navy and Marine Corps Awards Manual
(SECNAVINST 1650.1H), published Sept. 2006
Small Arms Training & Qualification, OPNAV INSTR. 3591.1F, published 12 Aug 2009
Personal research from Naval, ST. Louis MO. & Army Archive Institute, WA, DC.
Hardcore History Library, Pod Cast 49, “America in Peril”, published July 2013
Wikipedia & internet searches